Pronksmedal (100p.)

As laid down in Directive 91/414/EEC, the European Commission launched in 1992 the work programme on the Community-wide review process for all active ingredients used in plant protection products within the European Union. In this review process, each substance had to be evaluated as to whether it could be used safely regarding human health (operators, bystanders, consumers) and the environment (in particular groundwater and non target organisms, such as bees).

A new Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 was published on 24 November 2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market. This new Regulation replaces Council Directive 91/414/EEC and provides clear criteria for the approval of active substances including criteria in relation to honey bees in Annex II point 3.8.3: " An active substance, safener or synergist shall be approved only if it is established following an appropriate risk assessment on the basis of Community or internationally agreed test guidelines, that the use under the proposed conditions of use of plant protection products containing this active substance, safener or synergist:

will result in a negligible exposure of honeybees, or
has no unacceptable acute or chronic effects on colony survival and development, taking into account effects on honeybee larvae and honeybee behaviour.

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